India celebrates the successful launch of Mission Chandrayaan-2, its second lunar mission launched on 22nd of July from Sriharikota by ISRO. Successfully injected by GSLV MkIII-M1 rocket into the Earth’s orbit, Chandrayaan-2 shall be the first spacecraft to land close to the Moon’s South Pole in about 50 days.
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III M1 has successfully injected Chandrayaan-2 into the Earth’s Orbit yesterday. With accomplishment of this mission, India shall be the 4th country to achieve SOFT LANDING on the Moon and first to launch a spacecraft close to the South Pole of the Moon.
There are possibilities of detecting presence of lunar water in the permanently shadowed areas of the South Pole and the region has craters that are cold traps containing records of the early solar system. This is the reason for choosing South Pole for landing of the Mission Chandrayaan-2
ISRO has launched this 9.78 billion project with an objective to conduct the studies of topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere, signatures of hydroxyl and water ice. Preparing 3D maps, it will measure the abundance of lunar water.
Chandrayaan-2 will land on the Moon within next 50 days. The second lunar mission of India is expected to be accomplished in September, with the lander ‘Vikram’ making a soft landing on the Moon and rover ‘Pragyan’ performing scientific experiments of the lunar surface.
Performing high-resolution observations of the landing site with OHRC (Orbiter High Resolution Camera) the orbiter will assure a safe landing before deploying lander ‘Vikram’ onto the lunar surface. The orbiter will cycle around the Moon at an approximate altitude of 100km.
The lander ‘Vikram’ named after father of Indian Space Research programme Dr. Vikram Sarabhai; once deployed from the orbiter shall descend to lower lunar orbit. Performing checks of all on-board systems, it shall attempt a soft landing towards the South Pole with a slope of about 12 degrees to the lunar surface.
After landing ‘Vikram’ shall deploy rover ‘Pragyan’. This solar power operated, artificial intelligence powered six wheeled rover will traverse 500 meters at the rate of 1 centimeter per second. The rover have inbuilt stereoscopic camera with 3D vision. It will perform chemical analysis of the lunar surface and convey all data to the lander. The lander in-turn will send all the data to ISRO.
“I am extremely happy to announce that the GSLV MkIII-M1 rocket has successfully injected Chandrayaan 2 spacecraft into Earth’s orbit. It is the beginning of a historic journey for India towards Moon and to land at a place near the South Pole, to carry out scientific experiments.” Says the Chairman of ISRO Kailasavadivoo Sivan
He added, “Chandrayaan 2 is a three-satellite mission stacked in a single launch mission. Over the next two months, the 3,850 kg Chandrayaan-2, will undergo 15 crucial maneuvers before landing on the Moon. It is my duty to salute all the people who made this possible. Our task is not over”
“The historic launch of Chandrayaan 2 from Sriharikota is a proud moment for all Indians. Congratulations to our scientists and engineers for furthering India’s indigenous space programme. May ISRO continue to master new technologies, and continue to conquer new frontiers.” The President of India Ram Nath Kovind, congratulated ISRO
Honorable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi congratulated ISRO on its incredible success to launch Chandrayaan-2
“Special moments that will be etched in the annals of our glorious history! The launch of #Chandrayaan2 illustrates the prowess of our scientists and the determination of 130 crore Indians to scale new frontiers of science. Every Indian is immensely proud today!” PM Shri Narendra Modi tweeted on social media.
“Indian at heart, Indian in spirit! What would make every Indian overjoyed is the fact that #Chandrayaan2 is a fully indigenous mission. It will have an Orbiter for remote sensing the Moon and also a Lander-Rover module for analysis of lunar surface. It is unique because it will explore and perform studies on the south pole region of lunar terrain which is not explored and sampled by any past mission. This mission will offer new knowledge about the Moon.” He added.“Efforts such as #Chandrayaan2 will further encourage our bright youngsters towards science, top quality research and innovation. Thanks to Chandrayaan, India’s Lunar Programme will get a substantial boost. Our existing knowledge of the Moon will be significantly enhanced” Praising this ingenious achievement of ISRO; he thanked them for a futuristic view to Lunar exploration with the launch of Chandrayaan-2.
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