“Safety is as simple as ABC – Always Be Careful.” I recalled this quote today because today’s is a special day, World AIDS Prevention Day. Everybody knows about AIDS, its full form, about its danger, how does it spread and all other necessary information about AIDS.
Writing this blog has a different perspective. During my post graduation study, my professor used to preach us that there is a thin difference between Deficiency of Knowledge v/s Deficiency of Execution. Everybody knows that doing exercise is good for body, how many of us do very regularly? All of us know that wearing a helmet is vital while driving, only few people wear helmet. Likewise it is also known to everybody that using precaution is mandatory while having sexual intercourse, major portion of people are indifferent to it; ensuring using fresh needle every time while injecting is inevitable, still malpractices are happening.
According to the figures of WHO – World Health Organization – there are 36.9 million people living with HIV / AIDS worldwide in 2017; the figures may have gone higher in 2018. The mortality is also too high, 9,40,000 people died of HIV related illness in 2017 worldwide. If we talk about India, according to the trusted sources, in 2016 India had 80,000 new HIV infections and 62,000 AIDS related deaths.
The key populations most affected by HIV in India are:
- Sex workers, with an HIV prevalence of 2.2%.
- Gay men and other men who have sex with men, with an HIV prevalence of 4.3%.
- People who inject drugs, with an HIV prevalence of 9.9%.
- Transgender people, with an HIV prevalence of 7.2%.
Since 2010, new HIV infections have decreased by 46% and AIDS-related deaths have decreased by 22%.
This fatal monster cannot be defeated by medicines or any treatments; it can only be conquered through awareness and prevention. Few very common but very essential steps can be as mentioned below:
- Always involve in the safe sexual relation; avoid extra marital sexual relations
- Any physical involvement must be avoided without precautionary abets
- Always ensure & insist for the new needle for injecting
- Undergo an HIV test before planning a baby
- Introduce the sexual education since school level
- Practice utmost self discipline and practice three ‘R’s in any relation – Right, Respect & Responsibility.
Remember, in Guajarati there is a proverb, ચેતતો નર સદા સુખી which means prevention is better than cure. Play Safe, Be Safe.
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